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Trail, descent, XC, Enduro ... everything you need to know about the 4 basic modalities of Mountain Bike

Trail, descent, XC, Enduro ... everything you need to know about the 4 basic modalities of Mountain Bike

What is a bicycle of Marathon? For what type of use is a Mountain Bike of XC? When is it advisable to buy a bicycle from Trail? Is a rally bike the same as one of Cross country? When choosing a mountain bike, many people are guided by patterns such as the brand, the wheel size, the change group and diverting or the material of the painting. However, as is the case when you are going to buy a car or a computer, one of the details that should be taken into account is the type of use that is going to be given. Isn't a utilitarian car the same as a great Berlina? Well, the same thing happens with mountain bicycles. All are designed to shoot by land without asphalting, but there are different types, each of them focused on a specific use modality. The most frequent are Trail, descent, Cross country and enduro, although there are other segments such as Marathon or the All-Mountain. Here we tell you what they consist of, what they differ and what is the typology that best suits the use you are going to give to your Mountain Bike.

Trail bicycles

[CAPTION ID = "Attachment_6636" Align = "Alignnone" Width = "900"]MTB cyclist Image: Depositphotos[/caption] It is the most common modality of mountain bicycles. These are bicycles designed to do the same as those of the road, but by unknown sections: roll. They are not intended for a specific typology of land, but they serve to do a bit of everything: forest track All Mountain. The Trail bicycles They are the ones used by most fans of Mountain Bike When they go out to make routes and marches on a Sunday morning without more claim than to roll at a light pace or explore new paths. They are also very manageable when it comes to doing trialeras and descents that require a certain technique.
Trail or All Mountain bicycle stand out for their versatility, they serve to do a bit of everything: forest tracks, earth paths, mountains ...
They may have front or double suspension, with a low fork route (from 120mm to 140mm, although in some cases it can reach 160mm). You can find that some manufacturers establish differences depending on the type of damping: if they are of front suspension they are called trail, if they carry rear shock absorber them they are called All Mountain. However, this difference is totally arbitrary. They usually have 29 -inch wheels and it is increasingly frequent that they have double suspension to rolling comfortably due to sections that require some technical difficulty. To start in the Mountain Bike, unless you are very clear that you want All Mountain.

Descent bicycles

[Captation id = "Attachment_6365" Align = "Alignnone" Width = "900"]Descent bicycles Image: Depositphotos[/caption] These bicycles are oriented for a single use: descend at full speed a hill, a track or an urban stretch of stairs. They are competition bicycles that are used in the tests of Downhill. The most common thing is that they carry double suspension, with a very wide cushioning route of up to 220mm. To get an idea: they are the bicycles you see in Redbull's videos. A remarkable feature of these bicycles is that they are extremely rigid. They are built to withstand blows and falls at high speed. As for its design, the armchair is usually placed in the lowest possible position, with a backward reclines. This is because, during the descent, most of the time the biker It is raised. Being designed for very specific functionality, such as high speed, bicycles of Downhill They do not have many development options. It is common for the picture to be of type Sloping, that is, that the horizontal tube has an angular fall to lower the center of gravity and make the bicycle more maneuverable.

Cross country bicycles

[Captation Id = "Attachment_6520" Align = "Alignnone" Width = "900"]CROSS Country MTB career cyclist (Image: Manuel Gopar - UNSPLASH)[/caption] He Cross country (also known as Rally or XC) is a competition modality where bikers have to cross mountain stretches at high speed. There are usually no great descents. On the contrary, the paths have to be plains or in climb with obstacles such as areas of stones, ramps, muddy lands or tracks that scarce technical difficulties. In other words: they are bicycles to compete in the Olympic Games, the World Cup and elite races. In these bicycles geometry is designed to make it very reactive, taking advantage of each pedal. They usually use very little suspension forks (80mm or 100mm) and in some cases without suspension of any kind, since eliminating the suspensions lightens weight. The wheels they use are 29 ", in order to advance more meters with each pedal blow. In fact, the Mountain Bike of XC are those that have put this tire size fashionable.
XC bicycles are machines to compete at high speed; Some of them are indicated for long distance tests, which are called marathon bikes

Marathon bicycles

You can find competition mountain bicycles with double suspension and forks of a larger route, up to 120mm. They are called bicycles of Marathon and are used in long distance tests or more technical traces. They are bicycles used in races such as the Titan Desert or Andalusia Bike Race. They also use very light materials and wheels of 29 "to roll fast, but they are somewhat more comfortable thanks to the central or rear cushioning. Another difference in Cross Country and Marathon bicycles with respect to the rest of Mountain Bike's typologies is that they use very light components, such as carbon fiber, to lighten the weight load and facilitate faster pedaling. They also use more agile drive changes and divers, which evidently results in a higher price.

Enduro bicycles

[Captation id = "Attachment_6523" Align = "Alignnone" Width = "900"]Enduro MTB (Image: Mauricio Gutiérrez - UNSPLASH)[/caption] Enduro is a competitive discipline that combines the technical demand of the Downhill with the resistance of the trail. That is, they are bicycles designed to go up and down but, above all, to have fun. The Enduro bicycles They are an intermediate step between Mountain Bike of trail and those of Cross country. If what you are looking for is to make routes through roads and mountain trails with wide slopes and the occasional jump, an enduro bicycle is the best choice. They use extensions of extensive journey (up to 180mm) and telescopic scams that adapt to pedaling in different situations (uploads, descents, jumps ...). Sometimes enduro bicycles are confused with those of Trail and even those of XC. The difference is found in geometry, wheels and, mainly, the fork path. XC's are lighter and designed for rise sections. Trail are bicycles for long distances, while Enduro are looking for a greater enjoyment in paths that alternate unevenness and descents with technical demands (overcome rocks, closed turns, jumps, etc.).
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